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Arthritis in Children

It is believed that arthritis - a disease of older people, but it is not. It turns out that children too can develop and worsen arthritis. Sadly, this illness are subject to even babies. Depending on the causes of the arthritis is divided into different types: rheumatoid, reactive, juvenile, infectious, allergic and chronic arthritis very good site. What are the causes of arthritis, and what is the treatment of arthritis in children?

According to statistics, arthritis develops in every 1000th child during the first years of life, and, generally, it is diagnosed between the ages of 1 to 4 years. In this disease of joints cartilage depletion occurs, narrowing the space between the joints, soft tissue swelling, and as a consequence, the sensation of pain, there is a constraint of movement. Pediatric Arthritis often affects the feet, ankles, knees, lower back, elbows and shoulders.

Symptoms and causes of arthritis in children

Diagnosing arthritis in children is difficult, because they are not always able to adequately assess their condition, often say they feel pain, but only a change in the mood: become capricious, refuse to eat, prefer not to make unnecessary and sudden movements. Spotting the light of the joint swelling of the crumbs is not always possible. But still, there are certain features which can identify arthritis. For example, reluctance to move, to walk: it seems that the child itself saves, and if forced to do some action, starts to act up. Also, one of the obvious signs of the disease is lameness or stiffness in the morning.

The causes of joint disease in children are many, and each type of arthritis, its prerequisites for development. The main causative agents of disease in children generally are: injuries, hypothermia, nervous system disease, heredity, metabolic disorders, vitamin deficiency, immune system failure. Also, the reason can be a prior infection, which parents have not given value, forgetting to tell about her doctor.

Causes of Arthritis in children

The etiology of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not certain. Among the reasons for this form of arthritis in children is considered family-genetic predisposition, as well as the impact of various exogenous factors (viral and bacterial infections, joint injuries, protein preparations, etc..). In response to external impact in the child body formed IgG, which are perceived by the immune system as self antigens is accompanied by the production of antibodies (anti-IgG). When interacting with autoantigen antibody immune complexes form provider damaging effect on the synovial membrane and other joint tissues. As a result of the complex and inadequate immune response develops chronic progressive joint disease - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis is a multifactorial disease, the development of which play an important part with a hereditary predisposition and infectious agents (Klebsiella and other Enterobacteriaceae).

Postenterokoliticheskie reactive arthritis in children are associated with undergoing intestinal infection: yersiniosis, salmonellosis, dysentery. Urogenital reactive arthritis, as a rule, are the result of urogenital infections (urethritis, cystitis) caused by chlamydia or ureaplasma.

Infectious arthritis in children can be etiologically associated with a viral infection (rubella, adenovirus infection, mumps, influenza, viral hepatitis), vaccination, nasopharyngeal infection streptococcal etiology (chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis), tuberculosis, gonorrhea, skin infections (mycoses, dermatitis), and others. The emergence of arthritis in children contribute to adverse social conditions (lack of sanitation, the dampness in the room), frequent exposure to cold, sun exposure, a weakened immune system.

Effective treatment of children with arthritis begins to identify its causes and, consequently, the full examination of the child.

This is followed by quite a long and complex treatment, which can be both stationary and dispensary.

In children suffering from arthritis, manifested the following symptoms: shortness of movement of the joints; increasing joint pain after exercise; reddened and swollen joints are hot to the touch. Also arthritis is characterized by fever, poor appetite, lameness, pain in the joints in the morning, fatigue, lethargy, weight loss, swelling of the muscles and joints. In severe cases and in acute exacerbation of arthritis, the joints become dark red color and may eventually become deformed.

As mentioned above, the causes and factors influencing the occurrence of arthritis, quite a lot and practically all of them depend on the type of disease.



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