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Causes Phobias

There are two main reasons that play a significant role in causing anxiety and phobic disorders: genetic (hereditary) and social factors. At present, there are several different hypotheses as to the causes of phobias alprazolam and alcohol.

Hereditary factor

According to data published by the American Psychiatric Association, if one parent has a compulsive manifestations of fear, then the risk of the child to "earn" a phobia reaches 25%. If anxiety and phobic disorders suffer from both parents, the chance of becoming addicted to fear rises to 50%. In certain age periods: adolescence, early adulthood, menopause, increases the risk of developing phobias.

Genetic predisposition - a tendency to pathological anxiety, excessive for the modern man, which is a manifestation of the instinct of self-preservation and inherit from the ancestors, for which the time arises fear was the main basis of survival.

Established the hereditary transmission of mental responses to stress: the related common perception, impression and degree of fixation on the object of fear, identical processing of emotions and feelings in the mind. Mother often transmits anxiety to your child, fear and anxiety, and his father "adds" the heir to the male component: mistrust and doubt on the correctness of their judgments and actions. Genetically inherited similar psychological characteristics - define basic: speed of response, the scale of emotions, certain types of accentuation. Also important for the emergence of fear and innate property of the central nervous system - temperament.

Social factor

According to the cognitive hypothesis, pathological anxiety attacks occur in highly sensitive people who are over-react to even minor physical symptoms. Among patients clinics dominate the person with a dependent type of character, tend to avoid and evade the problem-solving, rather than those individuals who are trying to resist difficulties.

Biochemical hypothesis based on violations of the exchange of biogenic amines in the neurotransmitter systems: serotonergic, noradrenergic, dopa-minergicheskoy and others. There are a number of assumptions that hypoglycemia (low blood glucose), hyperthyroidism, mitral valve prolapse, pheochromocytoma and disorders of the respiratory system can cause and exacerbate anxiety and phobic disorders. A special role is played by the negative dependence: alcoholism, consumption of drugs, uncontrolled intake of sedatives, and smoking.

According to studies, about 30% of people with anxiety disorders use alcohol and 17% use other psychoactive substances. Alcohol initially able to reduce the appearance of physical symptoms, but long-term alcohol abuse can become a cause of phobias, both during alcohol intoxication, and alcohol withdrawal in the period.

Some patients have resorted to smoking, to reduce the existing anxiety. Nicotine and other substances with antidepressant properties in tobacco smoke can alter the mood and bring a short calming effect. At the same time, as a stimulant nicotine may provoke a panic attack. Failure to nicotine increases the general anxiety, which can lead to phobias.

This category may include incorrect and malnutrition: lack in the diet of certain substances, to maintain a stable emotional background. American psychiatrists believe man "feels" what he eats. "

There is such a phenomenon as a "family trouble", which refers to the state of little or no anxiety at all unconscious, or is more pronounced fear of one family member. Often found in the clinic "family disease" - for example, the fear of contamination. And the manifestation of anxiety in the next generation, in comparison with the intensity and scale of fear is often worse. Therefore, it can be argued that the situation, life principles, adopted in the family type of response to unexpected and stressful situations in the offspring is determined corresponding to the "background" for the formation of phobias and isolated the main, the primary object of fear. Noteworthy statement: any phobia is the roots of genetic predisposition, "blooms" as a child in an environment nurturing and "protects" fears, "inspired" in lifestyle and moral preferences of the adult individual.



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