Description Helicobacter disease

Frequent abdominal pain, feeling of heaviness and belching after eating, nausea - typical symptoms of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. One of the causes of ill health can be a bacterial infection amoxil uk "Helicobacter pylori", which affects the stomach and duodenum, and provokes the development of gastritis, ulcers and other gastrointestinal diseases dangerous.

The bacteria Helicobacter pylori have been identified relatively recently - about 30 years ago. And in 2005, Australian scientists Robin Warren and Barry Marshall were awarded for this discovery the Nobel Prize. The fact that gastritis and ulcers may have an infectious origin, became a new page in the history of medical research.

Causes of bacteria

The bacterium Helicobacter pylori can not develop in the open air. He sent it through everyday: through utensils, personal hygiene products, as well as a kiss. This bacterium is resistant to an acid environment, so it can easily penetrate the gastric mucosa and destroys the tissue. The mucous membrane becomes inflamed, develop erosion, gastritis, then - ulcer. If the infection does not heal in time, there is a risk of stomach cancer.

Infection contributes to the low level of life and neglect of personal hygiene. Most often suffer from people who live in dormitories, boarding schools, orphanages, and medical staff. In third world countries the disease is recorded more frequently than in developed countries. It is worth noting that in Russia, as in other civilized countries of the world in recent years recorded cases of the disease among the population sufficiently secured.

Symptoms helikobakterioza

After 6-8 days after infection, the patient starts showing signs of inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract: pain, nausea, vomiting, belching. They are short-term, and they usually do not give value. Pain often have fasting and decrease after meals, which also makes the patient does not perceive what is happening in earnest. Meanwhile, the bacteria remain in the body at any time and can start its destructive work, although they may not exhibit its presence over the years. The risk of the beginning of their pathogenic activity is increased by poor nutrition, smoking, alcohol abuse, stress, weakening general immunity and infectious diseases.

The discovery of Helicobacter pylori bacteria and study their role in the development of gastritis and ulcers were given impressive results. The frequency of relapses in patients with duodenal ulcer decreased from 67% to 6%, and in patients with gastric ulcer - from 59% to 4%. Now scientists have no doubt of the need to test on Helicobacter pylori in these diseases.

Treatment of Helicobacter pylori: modern methods and schemes

As preparations for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori include antibiotics, they are assigned based on the principle of least harm to the body. Sometimes, it becomes clear that the treatment of Helicobacter pylori antibiotics cause the patient more harm than the bacteria themselves, and then the medical course is not assigned. However, there are significant erosions and ulcers such treatment is still necessary - without it the healing will not be final even with medication to restore the mucous membranes. Required course of antibiotics and in those cases where the result helikobakterioza developed diseases such as gastric maltoma, atrophic gastritis, ulcers and severe neglect of the disease - cancer. Antibiotics can be used not only in acute but also in disease remission.

All schemes helikobakterioza treatment include at least three drugs. Typically the two individually selected special antibiotic and a proton pump inhibitor, such as pariet. The duration of medication is fourteen days. On the first day of taking the drugs the patient often begins to feel an improvement in their condition. However, it is essential to bring the course to the end that the bacteria do not have time to adapt to the use of antibiotics and do not have to pick up a new one.

When the diagnosis of "Helicobacter" treatment necessarily entails control over the patient's lifestyle. It is assumed complete cessation of smoking and alcohol. Contraindicated stress, improper diet. Excluded from the diet is acidic, fried, spicy, smoked, fatty foods.

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