People who have experienced a stroke, in the first year is particularly high likelihood of re-development. Therefore, they need to urgently change their way of life. After all, according to statistics, about 70% of a second stroke leading to death. A healthy lifestyle will help to eliminate triggers. Of course, the risk of recurrence will not disappear completely, but it is very much reduced improvement with health and medical.
Depending on the etiopathogenesis (causes and mechanism of development) are two types of strokes - ischemic and hemorrhagic. In the first case he develops due to cerebral artery occlusion thrombus in a second - and bursting due to hemorrhage. It should be noted that the acute impairment of circulation on ischemic type is more common (about 80%).
Stroke leads to disruption of blood flow in the affected part of the brain. Cells are experiencing oxygen starvation and begin to die - formed foci of necrosis. For that reason, suffer the nucleus of cranial nerves and pathways, which are located in this area of the brain. This is what leads to the appearance of neurological disorders.
Ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes developed for entirely different reasons. The trigger factor of acute cerebral blood flow by ischemic type is overlapping branches of the internal carotid artery by a thrombus or embolus. There is a blockage of the vessel come off a blood clot, or a slab formed atherosclerotic plaque.
The most common ischemic strokes occur in people suffering from atherosclerosis, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes. Therefore, treatment of the underlying pathology and correction of lifestyle are the best prevention of relapse (re-occurrence of disease).
As for hemorrhagic stroke, in most cases it develops in men and women with hypertension - persistent increase in pressure. He often appears as a result of injury, blow to the head or the rupture of the aneurysm (bulging of the bag vessel wall). There is bleeding in the brain tissue of hemorrhagic impregnation or hematoma formation.
It is proved that in patients suffering from hypertension, stroke risk increased by about 4-10 times compared to people with normal or low blood pressure. If you are diagnosed with "hypertension" and you do not take daily antihypertensive drugs - an urgent need to fix it.
Atrial fibrillation, any manifestation of coronary heart disease (angina, myocardial) heart failure of any likelihood of having a stroke increases by 3-5 times. People with diabetes, also belong to the risk group. Perhaps the timely and correct treatment of these diseases will save you from the development of recurrent stroke.
A role played by age and genetic predisposition. People over 50 years of age and those whose relatives suffered from cerebrovascular or coronary circulation, in a much more vulnerable to strokes.
People with excess body weight, tend to have elevated levels of cholesterol, blood lipids and lipoproteins. This contributes to the development of atherosclerosis, due to which plaques are formed, overlying the lumen in the cerebral vessels. Consequently, it is developing an ischemic stroke.
Smoking, lack of exercise and abuse of alcohol reduces the elasticity of blood vessels, a negative impact on the heart. Healthy life style, on the contrary, strengthen the cardiovascular system and many times will decrease the risk of stroke.
The important role played by stress - they lead to an abrupt release of catecholamines, increased pressure and, therefore, rupture of the brain blood vessels. And yet stresses exacerbate during ischemic and hypertensive heart disease, increasing the likelihood of developing many serious complications.
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