Narcolepsy - Healthy sleep

One of the 2,000 people suffers from narcolepsy. The disease has a significant impact on human life and even makes it invalid. These facts about narcolepsy adhd-drugs.net, you may not know, but if you suffer from this disease, then imagine how serious this problem is.

Narcolepsy - sleep disorder, manifested constant sleepiness and a tendency to sleep at inappropriate times. In narcolepsy, the person usually suffers from "attacks" of sleep, as well as experiencing constant sleepiness and fatigue that persist despite any sleep duration. Unrecognized and uncontrolled narcolepsy may very negatively affect the quality of life of the patient.

Recent advances in medicine, technology and pharmacology help doctors diagnose and treat this disease. Although the method of treatment of narcolepsy has not yet been found, most of the people suffering from this disease, can lead almost normal lives with appropriate treatment.

What causes narcolepsy?

Although the exact cause is not known, narcolepsy, apparently, is a disease of the brain that controls the process of sleep and wakefulness. Cataplexy and sleep paralysis are similar to the loss of muscle tone that accompanies a normal dream. However, in patients suffering from narcolepsy, these phenomena (loss of muscle tone and a feeling of dreams) occur at the wrong time.

Psychiatric and psychological problems are not the cause of narcolepsy. Sometimes the occurrence of narcolepsy runs in families. At the same time, many people with narcolepsy have a similar disease relatives. Recent studies in patients with narcolepsy was found to decrease the level of a brain chemical ingredient - hypocretin. Some researchers believe that the problem is related to the gene responsible for the production of hypocretin. The combination of genetic factors with violations of privacy can lead to disease.

In most cases, excessive daytime sleepiness - the most distressing symptom. The symptoms of narcolepsy can appear all at once or develop gradually over many years.

Cataplexy is usually triggered by strong emotions such as laughter, anger or surprise. Excessive daytime sleepiness is present in all patients with narcolepsy, and is usually the first symptom. People with narcolepsy, they say that they feel constantly tired or drowsy. They tend to fall asleep not only in situations in which many people feel a natural drowsiness (after a meal or during a boring lecture), but also when most people are still awake (during the conversation, when writing emails or watching a movie). These sleep episodes are usually brief and refreshing only for a short period of time. People with narcolepsy can fall asleep or feel blurred consciousness in a most unusual time, even in dangerous situations, such as when driving a car.

Attacks of cataplexy - a sudden, brief loss of muscle tone - sometimes the first symptom of narcolepsy, but more often develop months or years after the onset of drowsiness. Cataplexy may be mild, manifesting momentary sensation of weakness in the knees, or may cause a complete collapse of the Physical, leading to a fall. Persons who have such attacks occur, are in a state of wakefulness and understand what is happening. Cataplexy is usually triggered by strong emotions such as laughter, anger or surprise. Some attacks can be caused by individuals just memories, anticipation emotion or situation that causes anxiety.

Sleep paralysis - and short-term loss of muscle control, but occurs at the moment of falling asleep or upon awakening. The patient may, to some extent aware of what is happening, but unable to move or speak. Sleep paralysis can be intimidating, but it is not dangerous.

Hypnagogic hallucinations - vivid, like the dream experiences arise when the patient begins to doze. Hallucinations may include disturbing images and sounds, for example, unusual animals, or robbers. These hallucinations can be frightening, and partly because the patient is awake, he has no control over the events. Dreams can also cause feelings if they are mistaken for the hallucinations caused by mental illness.

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